Epoxy Pro Series options are: 1-Carbon Fiber 2-Innegra Basalt
Each is ultra-light by industry standard, but unique in their aesthetic appearance. Each has dominant characteristics relative to their weight versus ultimate durability.
The Carbon Fiber EPS is the lightest quality Canoe lamination available. The Innegra EPS is the ultimate combination of light and tough Tripping Canoe laminations ever developed.
Epoxy Pro Series by Design
Epoxy Pro Series by Design
The H2O Canoe Company Epoxy Pro Series Canoe is not only a technically advanced composite Canoe hull – it is a craft combining advanced material selection with many innovate concepts and fittings. Each part has their own purpose within the system to fill a role in creating the ultimate package of performance, lightweight and durability.
After years of experience and studying all build concepts, H2O Epoxy Pro Series combines many techniques that all result in an important end goal. Which is – The most amount of weight and thus material (re-enforcement) is in the hull of the Canoe itself. The more substance in general and quality substance in this case the hull is made out of, the more resistant to damage it can be.
Too many Canoes on the market simply take away substance from the hull to make it lighter but carry on finishing the Canoe in a “standard fashion”, selecting heavy wood species, heavy Gunwales, wetting out flotation chambers with thick layers of FG and resin and covering the interior of the Canoe with a heavy, thick layer of Gel-coat. None of which these effects add value or reduce weight to an ultralights resistance to damage or enjoyment to carry.
It only stands to reason if a majority of the weight in your ultralight Canoe is made up of finishing’s and trim your hull can’t have much substance to it. This is why so many beautifully Gel-coated Canoes are quickly a mess of cracks and damage. They are simply a significantly heavy Gel layer backed by very little re-enforcement and an average quality resin. There are just not enough substance or quality products in the hull itself to resist damage.
Epoxy Pro Series Features
Two choices are appropriately named after their predominant material.
The Carbon EPS Canoe is an exterior of luxurious Carbon Fiber weave sandwiching Innegra Basalt then layered inside with Carbon and Kevlar. The inclusion of each high end fabric ensures not only the lightest stiffest combination, but the inclusion of Innegra gives a level of impact resistance never seen before in a primarily Carbon Fiber Canoe.
The Innegra version of EPS is simply the toughest ultralight Canoe ever made. Silver looking Innegra Basalt exterior and interior, sandwiches a Kevlar layer. This combination is impact and tear resistant throughout. Combined with Epoxy resin even sub 40lb Canoes are as tough as a Canoe has ever been made.
Key Advantage to Epoxy Pro Series – #1 No Gel-coat & Epoxy Resin
H2O Epoxy Pro Series Canoes are constructed without the use of Gel-coat. Our EPS Canoes are still UV protected with a very light layer of an advanced coating totaling around 2lb per Canoe application. Compared to 8- 10lb of Gel-coat coverage applied to an average Touring Canoe, EPS Canoes start off nearly 80% lighter in coatings alone.
Considering the damage resistance merit of a coating is almost zero, this is an enormous advantage in constructing an ultralight Canoe. At H2O we put some of that saved weight back into layers of re-enforcement in the hull.
Epoxy Resin does not require the thickness of coating does that of Gel-coat for composite processing. Epoxy is also proven to be physically superior for rigidity, elongation and flexibility making it the best selection for a Gel-coat free hull and specifically for a Canoe which by nature will test the hulls capacity to resist damage.
Key Advantage to Epoxy Pro Series – #2 100% Closed Cell Foam re-enforcement
Every EPS Canoe from H2O has a full closed cell foam core, bilge ribs, mounting plates and ICG Gunwale. Foam sandwiched between composite re-enforcement is very rigid & strong yet ultralight. By nature closed cell foam is buoyant; EPS Canoes have high inherent flotation characteristics as well before adding extra flotation chambers to them.
This technique can be compared to the effect of box and beam construction in buildings and the rigidity of Truss style construction on a bridge. Each component which is rigid re-enforces a typically flexible area around it. By attaching each stiffening member to each other we create longitudinal & inherent stiffness for speed and power transmission yet remain flexible and absorbing in enough areas to standup to impact and resist damage.
Key Advantage to Epoxy Pro Series – #3 Lightweight finishes and trim
As we discussed our goal is to place the most amount of substance (weight) in the hull itself. We accomplish this by selecting lightest weight species of Wood for Components; design a Gunwale system which is significantly lighter than traditional Aluminum or Wood concepts and apply techniques to add features typically heavier, which add no value being heavier.
Key Advantage to Epoxy Pro Series – #4 Innegra
Innegra is a Polypropylene developed into yarn which in turn can be made into cloth fabric & add to composite laminations. Innegra by nature is impact resistant and flexible. Surrounding other materials and wet out properly it has become a leading lamination inclusion for purposes like marine technology, where impact with undesirables is ominous and likely.
Innegra used with appropriate resins and re-enforcements gives H2O the platform to make comparably tough Canoes to much heavier plastic alternatives in the market.
Components of an Epoxy Pro Series Canoe
Epoxy – Epoxy is a resin system, part A & B which cures to a polymer state. A polymer is both structurally sound and inherently flexible. Advanced properties are achieved by post curing cured Epoxy to achieve maximum physical properties.
If your Canoe is not made with Epoxy resin it cannot be substituted with equal quality!
Post cured Epoxy resin is by far stronger and more resilient than any other resin in every test category for physical properties.
There are choices to be made within Epoxy resin but there are no substitutes for Epoxy by any other name.
As a rule – regardless of the brand Epoxy, all Epoxy is superior to resin of any other chemistry. Calling the resin Epoxy does not make it Epoxy.
A play on words can be used to describe Vinyl ester resin as “from the Epoxy Family”. Remember Epoxy is Epoxy, Vinylester is not Epoxy.
Do not let anyone confuse your inquiry by generalizing the resin in a Canoe as “Epoxy” if it is not truly Epoxy.
Epoxy is not a generic name for resin – it is an individual 2 part resin system with an A part resin and a B part hardener that cures to a polymer solid.
Hence -the naming of our premium line of Canoes – the Epoxy Pro Series.
The single most important element in a Canoe is the resin holding it together.
It is the tie that binds every re-enforcement, resists damage upon impact and sustains structure over the life of your Canoe.
When considering a top end Canoe consider only options made with Epoxy resin. Anything less is inferior and you are getting less than the best.
– Re-enforcement in fabric form layered and positioned strategically for strength and rigidity of the hull.
Fiberglass – common boat cloth, excellent resin retention, easily repairable, structural when saturated with resin.
Innegra – polypropylene based material with excellent flex, impact absorption, ideally combined with another fabric in a blend to share bond and resilience characteristics.
Basalt – Earth mineral resource sharing characteristics similar to Fiberglass and Carbon Fiber. Wets out well with resin.
Kevlar (Aramid) – Aramid is the product, Kevlar is a brand within the product category, Twaron is another product within the Aramid family. Aramid is resistant to tear, impact absorbing and structural when wet out.
Carbon Fiber – Carbon Fiber is the most advanced material available for light weight composite construction. Elegant aesthetically - replaces multiple layers of Fiber-glass for structural rigidity.
Foam Core – the base of the hull is closed cell high density foam. Providing rigidity against Boat twist and oil canning, this component is essential to a well performing Canoe.
Skeletal Rib – The H2O Canoe skeletal rib system is part of a complete re-enforcement system. The ribs fill the role of supporting and tying in the foam core to the sheer line of the Canoe for bilge stiffness, eliminating torsional flex and are much lighter yet stronger than additional bilge layers of cloth
ICG – Integral Composite Gunwale is the combination of foam cored gunwale wrapped in Kevlar, Carbon or combinations inherent to the hull itself - with an outer aluminum trim for impact resistance and rack sliding. The ICG is the top plate in a joist type construction system of ribs and foam core. ICG construction weighs approximately half a regular aluminum Gunwale set.
Resin Infusion – this is an advanced process method of wetting a dry stack laminate under vacuum pressure. Only as much resin as is necessary to adequately wet out the laminate is used under pressure- surrounding core, filling voids and saturating the re-enforcement. Resin infusion ensures consistent weights, void free laminates and is environmentally friendly, as resins cure under closed molds with no off-gassing.
Preformed Flotation Chamber – Flotation chambers constructed on a form in a similar process to the Canoe hull by vacuum processing. “Float tanks” made this way are bonded onto the hull with an adhesive and sealed using much less product compared to wetting out a form with Fiberglass and resin to create flotation chambers.
Bilge mounted seat brackets – Attaching the seat on a bracket attached and bonded to the bilge of the Canoe creates a stiffening opportunity across the Canoe adding to its overall rigidity. This is further to the “system” doing everything possible to make each component in the Canoe fill a role in creating structure. Also seats mounted this way will not sway or wear on the gunwales.
Light weight component selection – Naturally rot resistant, yet ultra light wood species for the interior components ensure longevity and weight savings. Natural tone or Blackout available.